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Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon May 26, 2008 12:44 am
by mediatechnology
This is a collection in pictures. I'll add text later.

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"Absolute Value Circuit Delivers High Bandwidth," Ron Mancini, EDN, July 2004.

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Analog Devices AD536 Absolute Value

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A comparator-based peak detector using an LM339 open collector output.

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A comparator-based peak detector with NPN Boost transistors.

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"Diode simulator reduces forward drop to 0.04V," Eng, EDN July 20, 1992.

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"Frequency doubler gives pure sine wave," Electronic Design, June 21, 1975.

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The discontinued Precision Monolithics GAP-01 used as an absolute value rectifier.

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A two-color overload indicator using a comparator-based peak detector.

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A peak flasher. Note the pinout error on the bottom TL074.

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A log peak detector. Two channels shown. Crazynightowl may recognize this one.

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Peak-to-peak detector

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The AD823 op amp used as a rectifier

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AD823 rectifier output

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D-R Compressor Shunt rectifier

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An early dbx rms detector from the patent application.

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A dbx rms detector using the CA3083.

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Stephen Woodward, rms detector with differential input

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dbx 902 rms using transistor array

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bcarso symmetrical rectifier

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Graeme symmetrical rectifier

Note: The above rectifier circuit has been attributed to SSL by Rod Elliot but I first saw it in the 1973 edition of "Applications of Operational Amplifiers," Jerald Graeme, Burrr Brown. It is used in the SSL Phase Meter.

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Boss SG-1 Rectifier

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The Cordell Rectifier.

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"Dual Polarity Peak Detector Operates From Single Supply," Chester Simpson, EDN, May 12, 1994

"Dual Polarity Peak Detector Operates From Single Supply," Chester Simpson, EDN, May 12, 1994.
Full pdf: http://www.waynekirkwood.com/images/pdf ... 2_1994.pdf

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Full Wave Precision Rectifier CW Beal Wireless World July 1982

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dBx 303 RMS Detector Section Simplified Schematic

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THAT2252 RMS Detector Replacement Using a THAT300 Transistor Array
See: viewtopic.php?f=6&t=856

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A current rectifier based on the Loftec TS-1 and THAT2252.

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Thu Jun 26, 2008 2:28 am
by Crusty
This one shows how to select positive, negative, or full-wave peaks:

http://www.edn.com/article/CA6339250.ht ... ryid=44217

And from the reference, a neat envelope follower technique (scroll down to 2nd article):
http://www.edn.com/contents/images/122602di.pdf

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Thu Aug 14, 2008 12:26 pm
by mediatechnology
Here's another one I just found in a stomp box:

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The 100K is a pullup to 1/2 V+, the 10K collector load is to V+. The base series resistor, off-screen and not shown, is 22K. This looks a little like the Boss SG-1 sent to me by clintrubber.

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon Mar 25, 2013 12:53 pm
by mediatechnology
Biased Diode Rectifier

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"Applications of Operational Amplifiers," Third Generation Techniques," Jerald Graeme, Burr-Brown, 1973, Figure 4.18.

Using a THAT340 with D1 and D2 as diode-connected transistors this circuit rocks as a half-wave rectifier.
I used an LME49860.
A second summation stage, not shown, makes this an absolute value circuit.
I lowered the 10K bias resistors to 2K2.
D1 should thermally track Q1 and D2 should track Q2 but D1/Q1 and D2/Q2 do not need to be in the same package.

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon Mar 25, 2013 1:34 pm
by JR.
As usual thanks Wayne (the librarian).. This thread has every precision rectifier and peak detector ever designed ... :lol: [ rim shot }... Of course not that would be a herculean task, for no reason other than the fact that design engineers suffer from NIH syndrome, so even when some perfectly useful prior art exists they will still design their own different way. 8-)

I've seen some clever use of biased rectification (to reduce diode drop lag) in some of Paul Buff's log side chain dynamics designs.

I did some variant stuff in my LOFTECH TS-1 to deal with opamp GBW product. Trying to slew +/- a diode drop for a precision rectifier gets increasingly difficult for low level high frequency. (I had to do some extra work to only be down -3dB at 20kHz for -60 dBu. )

While I don't know if i can find one, I vaguely recall making (or trying to) a one opamp bi-color detector for some console design. Trust me you don't want to throw a bunch of circuitry at several tens of these inside a console.

I seem to recall other discussion of this stuff in threads around this forum, probably hijacks occurring other threads.

This is certainly comprehensive and enough for anybody to need time to digest.

JR

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon Mar 25, 2013 2:44 pm
by JR.
bi-bolor.jpg
bi-bolor.jpg (78.04 KiB) Viewed 18234 times
Well what do you know... Here is my one (cheap) opamp bi-color signal present/overload circuit from an old AMR console.

IIRC this used a 2 lead bi-bolor LED so green in one polarity, red the other, looks like I have hold time built into the OL so narrow spikes can be seen.

Not shown are multiple small signal diodes between "SMPLE" and several different signal nodes (cathodes connected together and to SMPLE). .

JR

PS: Looks like a lot of parts to me now, but this was an actual production circuit so tweaked to look good for a $10k-20k console.

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon Mar 25, 2013 3:23 pm
by mediatechnology
Here is my one (cheap) opamp bi-color signal present/overload circuit from an old AMR console.
Thanks! I'm going to have to stare at that one for awhile.
I've seen some clever use of biased rectification (to reduce diode drop lag) in some of Paul Buff's log side chain dynamics designs.
This is the DynaMite detector:

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Valley People Dynamite Detector

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon Mar 25, 2013 4:32 pm
by JR.
Yup, exactly,, That one Buff schematic is a nice object lesson in smart log domain design. Some subtle stuff going on in there, and I suspect many got in trouble trying to copy it without understanding details. While he was not allergic to using lots of trim pots... a habit Peavey broke me of.

My signal preset/clip circuit is crude stone age stuff by comparison.

JR

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon Mar 25, 2013 6:09 pm
by tubegeek
Excuse me, Wayne, but in another thread, JR had assigned me to design my own peak detector. You've TOTALLY screwed THAT up.

Now, I do NOT suffer from NIH and this is an embarrassment of riches. Thank you.

But it seems like I'm going to miss a learning opportunity..... of course, understanding what these circuits DO is not a bad one either...

-j

Re: Level Detectors, Absolute Value, Peak and RMS

Posted: Mon Mar 25, 2013 7:14 pm
by mediatechnology
But it seems like I'm going to miss a learning opportunity..... of course, understanding what these circuits DO is not a bad one either...
Just build all of them and figure out which is best. You'll learn a lot from it.

Symetrix used the Buff log detector though there does seem to be a bias resistor missing.

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Symetrix 425 Level Detector